Different Uses Of Thoracic Drainage Tube System

Thoracostomy inserts a thin plastic tube into the space between the lungs and the chest wall. The doctor may attach the tube to a suction device to remove excess fluid or air or he/she may use it to deliver medication into the space to decrease the likelihood that fluid will accumulate.

Doctors insert self-monitoring thoracic drainage tube systems for a variety of conditions, including:

Empyema: An empyema is an infection that develops in the pleural space.

Hemothorax: Hemothorax occurs when excess blood builds up in the chest cavity, usually due to an injury, tumor, or bleeding disorder. Doctors may also insert a chest tube to prevent hemothorax after chest surgery.

Pleural effusion: A pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the pleural space. It can occur due to heart failure, lymphatic fluid, a lung tumor, or infections such as tuberculosis and pneumonia.

Pneumothorax: A pneumothorax is a collapsed lung. Sometimes a lung can collapse without warning, which is known as spontaneous pneumothorax. A pneumothorax can also occur as a result of a chest injury, such as a gunshot or stab wound.

A doctor may also insert a chest tube to perform a procedure known as pleurodesis which uses a chest tube to deliver chemicals into the pleural space. These chemicals irritate the lining of the lung and cause intentional scarring, which keeps fluid from building up in this area.